For the dictionary, see also Project:Vokabular.
- A B Č D E F G I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z
Dalmatian nouns have masculine and feminine gender and singular and plural number.
Plural is formed with ending -i for masculine and ending -e for feminine nouns
In Dalmatian language as indefinite article is used word yoin (one) feminine form is yoina. examples: yoina kuosa - one house , a house yoin jomno - a man
Definite article for masculine nouns is EL for singular and I for plural. Definite Article for feminine nouns is LA for singular and Le for plural. Before place names in dative case articles are used in form IN TEL , IN TELA ; IN TELI ; IN TELE ; or abbreviated NEL ; NELA ;NELI ;NELE
- C^e sant el ? (What is it ? )
- La sant yoina kuosa. ( It is a House. )
- Jo sant la kuosa ? (Where is the house ? )
- La kuosa sant in tela Cîtuot. (The house is in the city. )
- Jo sant el Juarbol ? ( Where is the tree ? )
- El Juarbol sant in tel buasc. ( The tree is in the wood. )
Adjectives are used before nouns and they also have masculine and feminine gender and singular and plural number.
Maura kuosa - big house ; or La maura kuosa - the big house
Briv kavul - fast horse ; El briv kavul - the fast horse
Personal pronounsSingular meaning 1. Ju I 2. Te You/Thou 3. Jal Jala He She Plural 1. Nu We 2. Vu You 3. Jali/Jale They
Obligatory personal pronounsSingular meaning 1. Me/Main Me 2. Toi You 3. Joi/Joe He/She Plural 1. Noi We 2. Voi You 3. Jai Them
Possessive pronounsSingular meaning 1. Mi/Maja My 2. To/Toa Your 3. (de Jal ,de Jala) His/Her Plural 1. Nuester/Nuestra Our 2. Vester/Vestra Your 3. (de Jali ,de jale) Their
- In - in
- Bas de - below
- De - of
- Da - from of
- Dri - behind
- Saupra - on
- Alič - at
Dalmatian language don t distinguish continuos and simple forms.
Conjugation of verbs:
Present tense is formed of personal pronoun , infinitive stem and present endings: Sg. 1.-a , -uo 2.-e 3.-a , -uo Pl. 1.-aime 2.-aite 3.-a , -uo
Example: favular (to speak) Sg.1.Ju favula ( I speak , I am speaking) 2.Te favule (You speak , you are speaking) 3.Jal favula (He speak , he is speaking ) Pl. 1.Nu favulaime (We speak , we are speaking) 2.Vu favulaite 3.Jali favula
Past tense is formed from personal pronoun , infinitive stem , sufix -ua , or -oua , and present endings.
Example: Sg.1.Ju favlua (I was speaking , I spoke) 2.Te favlue (You were speaking , you spoke) 3.Jal favlua Pl. 1.Nu favluaime 2.Vu favluaite 3.Jali favlua
Future tense is formed of infinitive form (ending in -ar , -ur or -ro ) and future endings: Sg.1.-e 2.-e 3.-e Pl.1-me 2-te 3.-e
Sg.1.Ju favulare 2.Te favulare 3.Jal favulare Pl. 1.Nu favularme 2.Vu favularte 3.Jal favulare
Pasive is formed from past participle (ending in -ait , -oit or -uat) and prefix joi or jai.
joi nascoit - is born jai glazait - is frozen joi talyuat - is cut
Dalmatian language has also conditional form:
Sta nuat el foit en maur gheluat , kve tota la jakva joi glazait.
(Last night it was so cold , and all water has been frozen.
Imperative is formed from infinitive stem and endings: -ai , for 2.person singular -aite - for second person plural
- duai! - give!
- vedai ! - look !
Imperative can also be formed from verb to be imperative form and infinitive . Example:
- Saime vedar - letś we go
- sait fuot - let be
Verb "to be"
Infinitive: Saite Sg.1.Ju Sai 2.Te Sante 3.Jal Sant Pl. 1.Nu saime 2.Vu Saite 3.Jal Sant
Adverbs of place and direction :
- Luc - here
- Cauc - there
- Sois - upwards
- Sote - under
- Dri - behind
Adverbs of time:
- Aninc^ - before
- Dapu - after
- Diatremun - then
- Junkaura - against ; still
- Adias - now